The scenery of Guilin has been called the
finest under heaven. Situated in the northeast of Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin City is South China's
shining pearl, with verdant mountains, elegant waters,
magnificent crags and fantastic caverns. It has a total
area of 27,809 sq.km and a population of 4.8 million,
thereinto the urban area being 565 sq.km and the population
Guilin has a history of more than 2,000 years. In the
6th year of Yuanding During the reign of Emperor Wu
of the Han Dynasty (111 BC), Guilin was a county, called
Shi An County, and from the Song Dynasty to the Qing
Dynasty, it was the political, economic and cultural
centre of Guangxi. In 1921, the North Expeditionary
Army led by Sun Zhongshan (Dr. Sun Yat-sen) joined forces
In Guilin, and the headquarters was sited in the Royal
Palace at the foot of the Solitary Beauty Peak. The
city acquired its present name in the year of 1940.
Belonging to the subtropical region,Guilin enjoys a
mild climate with sufficient rainfall. Its yearly average
temperature is 18.8'C, and the hottest month, August,
has an average temperature of 28'C, while the coldest
months, which are January and February are 8'C on the
average. Du Fu,a very famous poet of Tang Dynasty so
said of its climate: 'When it is scorchingly hot everywhere
in the Five Ridges, only Guilin has temperate weather.'
Guilin was originally a vast expanse of sea until about
one hundred and ninety million years ago, when, owing
to the movement of the earth crust, the whole area rose
and became land. The Limestone, weathered and eroded
by water, became today's fantastic stone forests, peaks,
underground streams and caves, thus giving unique features
to Guilin's scenery.
The mountains In Guilin, rising abruptly from the ground,
stand in various stately shapes. Moreover, they have
in them a great number of colourful caves. These mountains
with strangely-shaped peaks and caves of unique formation,
together with the crystal-clear rivers that surround
the city, characterize Guilin's scenery and have brought
it world fame.
Li River, a picturesque river well known both at home
and abroad, is at its most beautiful starting from Guilin
to Yangshuo, distancing 83 km. Winding her way amidst
the mountains and through villages, the Li River adds
a great charm to the picture-like landscape of Guilin,
where people can see mountains with fantastic peaks,
green and clear waters, and festoon-like fields.
Guilin also abounds in historical relics. Stone carving
alone amounts to approximately 2,000 pieces. Of all
the scenic spots in the city, Pu Tuo Hill, Crescent
Moon Hill and Folded Brocade Hill possess the greatest
number of these carvings, but crowning all is the Dragon
Refuge Cave, which, as it Is lined with stelae, is properly
called 'Guilin Stelae Forest'.
As a tourist destination second to none in China, Guilin
will surely continue to attract ever more visitors from
home and abroad.
To Pack For Guilin
A Visa For Guilin