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Home >> Guilin Travel Guide >> Guilin History

Guilin History

Guilin HistoryGuilin is one of the famous historical and cultural cities in China. Till now, it has 2000 years' history. There are some remains of the Primitive Society, such as Zengpi Rock and another 60 ones. And all those emerge the living scene of the maternal clan society in Guilin 7000 years ago. In the ancient times, Guilin belonged to Yue. But in the Warrior States Period, it belonged to Chu. Since Ling Canal that was the famous water conservancy project was built in214BC, Guilin has been an important county on transportation between Zhongyuan and Lingnan. In 111, it got a name Guilin city which belonged to Shi'an county and Lingling canton. And till now, it has 2000 years' history. In Ming and Qin dynasty, it became an official residence.

Guilin HistoryOnce the capital of Guangxi Province (the capital was moved south to Nanning in 1914), Guilin has always been a prosperous commercial centre, profiting from its proximity to the Ling Canal which links the two major river networks of the Pearl and the Yangzi. This canal was built in the second century BC, during the reign of Qin Dynastic, the first emperor of China, who used it to link the middle regions of his empire around the Yangzi with the far south. But central government control of Guangxi was only intermittent, and the province remained a frontier region of the Chinese empire until the time of the Tang dynasty (618-907). Many Guangxi people are not ethnic Chinese. Around 35 per cent of the population are Zhuang ethnic, the most populous minority group in China. However, the land they occupy covers over 60 per cent of the province, and thus the province has been designated a Zhuang Minority Autonomous Region.

Guilin is a picturesque scenery city that has a long history. People always say that the scene in Guilin is the best in the world.


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