Ethnic Yao People
Yao nationality is distributed in
six provinces but the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous
Region contains the largest population of the
Yao people. They have their own language but most
would also speak mandarin. Their origins date
to the Qin Dynasty. There are several sub-groups
within the Yao nationality¡£
Yao people are distinctive by their colorful national
dress and often the women will have extremely
long hair which is coiled up on top of their head.
Their costume is colorful. In Nandan County of
Guangxi, the Yao men wear white bloomers, so they
are called ' Baiku Yao'. In Liannan area, Guangdong
Province, some of men keep long hair and coiled
it up covered with red cloth, several pheasant
feather stick in head, which show their handsome
pose. The women of yaos are different two, some
of them wear short jacket with no collar in upper
body, but others are in long coat. In some area
three arc silver hairpin is decorated on head,
which sometimes weigh half a kilogram.
Headgear is colorful. No matter men or women like
to wrap hair in shape of basin with long black
cloth and they think the bigger it is the beautiful
it is. When festival, women will comb hair into
a kind shape of tine with colorful handkerchief.
Men wrap white coif. Hairstyle is colorful, no
matter men or women like to wrap hair into shape
of basin with long black cloth, and they think
the long it is, the beautiful it is.
When festival, women will comb hairstyle into
shape of needle and covers with colorful designed
handkerchief. A man will tangle a piece of white
handkerchief, which is embroidered red and yellow
flowery device on both sides and in the middle;
the middle device will be on the top and both
sides droop on the ears, a triangular earring
hung on the left ear.
Houses are mostly made by bamboo with three rooms:
the middle is for a hall, both wing-rooms are
for fireplace and bedroom. Some storied building,
the upper is for living and the substrate is for
livestock. Some of them have a bathroom, and on
The Yaos' are hospitable. HanJingg bags on when
enter door is a custom. When a visitor goes into
a family, he should put his bag on the wall of
the hall, and then the master will invite you
to have a meal. If you don't understand that traditional
rule, you would be refused and no one will entertain
The staple-food is multiplicity.
In Guibei area, Dayou Tea prevails, the way of
which is to fry tea with oil and salt, it is to
mix fried soybean. Someone take it as lunch.
A kind of Guipiao wine is for distinguished
guests, which is made from glorious rice. It taste
sweet and fine. The more a guest drink, the happier
the master will be. Kill domestic animal can not
let the visitor know until when it is cooked well.
Chicken, meet and salt will be placed in bowls,
no matter guests or masters must have all in turn,
otherwise it will be thought look down on the
masters. After a meal, chopsticks will be hung
up with both hands to show respect.
A lot of taboo is in their daily life.
In morning, don't speak strange word. A woman
who has a baby in thirty-three days will not allowed
to carry on water. When parents are dead, children
are prohibited to sit on wooden stool and sleeping
in beds. For a guest, to praise fat cattle is
a disaster. Speak rude before a woman is bad.
A hall cannot be in with straw sandals and to
Festival is very much on every month. There are
Spring Festival, Kitchen God Festival, Tomb-sweeping
Day, Danu Festival, Shuiwang Festival and so on.
In Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Area, Danu Festival
is more important, which is said to remember the
fight against Tusi. Shuiwang Festival is held
on every three or five years on traditional Chinese
calendar October 16, it is for young people to
fall in love.
Longsheng Red Clothes Festival
Longsheng County is an autonomous county with
multi-nationalities. Red Yao is a branch of Yao
Nationality in Longsheng. Women of Red Yao are
in favor of red clothes, hence the name. Red Clothes
Festival, also known as Zhaina, will be held on
March 15 in the lunar calender every year for
Sishui Town. On occasions of festivals, Red Yao
people gather in Sishui Street to exchange agricultural
means of productions and products, buy daily necessities,
or visit their friends and relatives. The young
people will take the chance to find their lovers.
Red Yao people are good at singing and dancing.
Folk sports such as bamboo pole balancing, tug-of-wars,
and rooster fighting, are really interesting.
Women of Red Yao have long and nice hairs. They
love to match beauties. A beauty in Red Yao criteria
must be pretty, knowledgeable, logical in words,
singing well and having good moral standard. Zhainais
rich in content and programs include singing in
antiphonal style, long drum dance, sports contest,
hair competition, and Miss Village contest.
With the development of tourist industry, Red
Clothes Festival now has become the festival for
all nationalities every year. It will be held
on March 15 in lunar month, or April 8, at Zhaina
(Sishui Village), or at the foot of Longji Mountain.
Long Drum Dance, Yao Nationality
Long Drum Dance is a traditional art form of Yao
Nationality. About 2 chi 5 cun ('chi' and 'cun'
and ancient Chinese length measurements), Long
Drum is made of Yanzhi wood. The drum is thin
in the middle with the decorations of flowers,
birds, dragons and phoenix patterns on it. Some
long drum has bells on both ends and in the middle.
When people play the drum, the bells sound harmoniously
with the drum sound. It is said that ZaPanKuai
was hit to cliff by brutal antelopes. People then
began using skin of antelopes to make drum and
beat it when dancing to show the hatred to antelopes
and the memorization to their ancestors.
They worship multi-gods and ancestor.
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